RoadMap to become Full-Stack Web Developer


By iNeuBytes Content Writer



Full-stack development has become an exceptionally important skill to possess in the ever-expanding and ever-changing world of technology. Full-stack developers are capable of working on an application or website from begin to finish, which includes creating the design, constructing the code, and launching it into production.

But what is Full Stack Development?

A web developer who is proficient in all parts of web development, including design, front-end coding, and back-end coding, as well as hosting and deploying websites, is referred to as a full-stack developer. A full-stack developer can work on a website from beginning to end, or they might be part of a team where each member specialises in a particular component of the development process. Full-stack developers used to be required exclusively by major corporations, but it is now becoming increasingly popular for smaller enterprises to employ them. In addition, according to Gartner, worldwide IT investment is projected to reach $4.5 trillion in 2022, and growth of 5.3% is predicted for 2023 [1]. Let's now examine the advantages of being a full-stack developer.

Roles and Responsibilities

As stated previously, Full-Stack Developers create programmes and websites using their computer language expertise. They are responsible for managing the full software development lifecycle and process. According to their name, they have proficiency in both front-end and back-end development. The tasks of a full-stack Developer may be summarised as follows:

  • Front-end Development - Using frameworks and libraries such as CSS/HTML and JavaScript, Full-Stack developers are responsible for developing interactive user interfaces.
  • Develop the platform's backend - A developer's primary responsibility is to construct a dependable backend architecture for getting data from the servers.
  • Constructing databases & servers - These systems need to be able to function without impediments or interruptions and should be resistant to disturbances. And guaranteeing this capability is a fundamental responsibility of a Full-Stack Developer.
  • Cross-platform compatibility - This must be assured for MacOS, Linux, and Windows apps to function correctly.
  • API integration - API Developers are responsible for efficiently creating depending on the architecture of the programme. API plays a crucial role in retrieving data from the server.

Full-Stack Developers must be able to create responsive programmes that meet and sustain the needs and requirements of Users.

Salary of A Full Stack Developer

As with any occupation, the income of a Full-Stack Developer varies based on criteria such as the professional's business, location, and amount of expertise. According to Glassdoor, the average income of a Full-stack developer in the United States is roughly USD 115,510. A Full-Stack Developer in India gets an annual income of around INR 7 Lakhs. Exited! Now Let's examine the Roadmap to being a full-stack developer [2].

Roadmap view for Full Stack Development

Figure shows the Roadmap view for Full Stack Development

Roadmap for Full Stack development—A step-by-step Guide  

When contemplating technology, you need understand what a stack comprises of and which stack you should select to execute a collection of web apps. There are several front-end and back-end development technology stacks when it comes to full-stack development. Popular simple feature technology stacks are as follows:

Basic languages pre-requisites:

  • HTML : HyperText Markup Language is perhaps the most fundamental requirement for constructing a website. You define and organise the website's content.
  • CSS :  CSS is used to style and add layouts, fonts, and colours to webpages.
  • SQL :  Structured Query Language is a basic database management language.

Front-end frameworks

BootStrap :   BootStrap is an open-sourced toolkit for designing mobile-first, responsive applications. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are utilised. It expedites and simplifies the website design process. It supports JavaScript plugins and includes design templates for forms, buttons, tables, and navigation, among other things.

AngularJS :   AngularJS is a framework for building dynamic web applications. It allows you to utilise HTML for the template language and allows you to enhance HTML's syntax to represent the components of your application simply and concisely. The data binding and dependency injection features of AngularJS remove a large portion of the code you would otherwise need to write.

ReactJS :   A JavaScript library maintained by Facebook and a collection of corporations as well as independent individuals. React is ideal for retrieving rapidly-changing data that must be stored. It is utilised for the development of user interfaces for single-page applications. It allows users to develop UI components that may be reused.

Other programming languages required for full-stack development

You must be skilled in numerous programming languages because the majority of fundamental business procedures must be built in them. It is impossible to learn all of them in a short period of time, therefore we have provided you with a selection of languages to begin with.

JavaScript: JavaScript is a compiled, just-in-time programming language. It facilitates the addition of dynamic elements to a website. This is utilised for both front end and back end processes. JavaScript fundamentals are simple to learn. Many front-end and back-end frameworks, such as NodeJS and AngularJS, employ JavaScript. Full stack applications, such as chatbots, make extensive use of this technology. Almost all firms require a Java roadmap framework for all full-stack development positions, whether junior or senior.

Python: Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. It may be used to develop online apps, math, and server scripting on a server. It establishes connections with databases to read and change files. Python was created with readability in mind and is an interpreter-based language. Additionally, it may be utilised in a procedural, object-oriented, or functional manner.

PHP : PHP is the most widely used scripting language and may be integrated in HTML. PHP scripts are only executable on servers with PHP installed. It is used, among other things, to gather form data and transmit or receive cookies.

Back-end technology roadmap for full-stack web development

Developers require a back-end framework in order to construct an application. It is the script-side of an application that is dynamic. There are several possibilities for back-end frameworks.

NodeJS : NodeJS is an open-source, cross-platform technology that operates on several systems. It is a runtime environment for executing JavaScript outside of a browser.

Django : Django is a Python-based web framework with a model-template-view design. It is used to simplify the development of database-driven, complicated websites. It is quick and creates a neat appearance.

Database system roadmap

In the present day, there exist several databases. Each organisation generates its own databases based on its specific needs.This roadmap's purpose is to teach you how to become database administrator.

MySQL, SQLite, Postgres : The data is stored in table-like formats in these Relational Database Management Systems. This is suitable for keeping company records. These employ SQL

MongoDB and Apache storm : These are NoSQL database systems. The only thing they have in common is that they do not utilise a relational database design. This database type encompasses a broad range of technologies and may be used to locate graph DBs, streaming DBs, and key-value DB etc.

Additional recommendations

Git : Git, the most widely used distributed version control system, is quick and effective. It has the potential to manage projects of various sizes. It is used to collaborate with developers as well as track any modifications made to any code placed in its repository. Check out the git fundamentals before getting started. As the most extensively used code repository, GitHub is a must-learn for budding programmers. A GitHub road plan is an integral component of the full-stack learning curriculum.

Data structures and algorithms : Fundamentals are fundamentals, and there is nothing more fundamental than comprehending fundamental algorithms and the data organisation of a computer system. Through Arrays, Trees, Linked lists to Hash maps & time and space complications, a full stack developer must be conversant with a vast array of data structures.

SSH : Secure shell protocol is utilised to perform network services across an unprotected network in a secure manner. SSH allows a secure remote login between two computers. It safeguards the privacy & integrity of data.

Linux command line basic : Linux is a valuable ability to have, yet it is not required. It is neither easy nor difficult to learn. Linux saves both time and effort by arranging objects on the back end.

Advanced Skills for full-stack web development

The concepts and techniques discussed in the advanced parts are more difficult than the preceding abilities. Learners should thus concentrate on Security, APIs, Caching, and Testing.


Security - Backend development requires expertise in Web security. To improve your grasp of online security, you can study the following topics:



- Hashing Algorithms


APIs - An Application Programming Interface allows two applications to interact. Backend developers utilise APIs to integrate several apps or services to enhance the front-end user experience. Some APIs to learn include:







Caching - It is the process of storing a copy of a given resource in a cache (temporary storage location) and delivering the data fast when requested. The basic objective of caching is to improve data retrieval performance by eliminating the need to access the slow-to-process underlying storage layer. A few caching tools are –

- CDN 

- Server-Side

- Client-Side


Testing - Backend testing is the process of examining the database or server end of a web application. Backend testing is to analyse the database layer's efficiency and ensure that it is free of data corruption, deadlocks, and data loss. Commonly employed testing techniques for backend testing include the following. These techniques are also employed in other software-related professions.:

- Integration testing

- Functional testing

- Unit testing

This blog road map for becoming a professional full-stack developer has covered all the fundamental and intermediate skills necessary. However, knowing what to study and where to begin is not sufficient. Along with doing the tasks, one must also participate in appropriate learning practise. When you have command over both front-end and back-end programming, you'll be one step closer to becoming a full-stack developer. The first step in becoming a full-stack developer is selecting the right language for your needs and objectives. At iNeuBytes, we provide great major industrial project and Assignments in Virtual Internship program for one month where you will have great exposure with the mentors related with the Web-Development domain and also will help you to shape a successful career in this field of full stack.


[1] Gartner Forecasts Worldwide IT Spending to Grow 5.1% in 2023, Gartner. Online available at : , accessed on 12-12-2022

[2] Glassdoor. Online available at,” Accessed on  12, December 2022.